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Learning About Carbohydrates

Why Is Carbohydrate Counting Important?

  • Counting carbohydrate servings may help you to control your blood glucose level so that you feel better.
  • Carbohydrates make your blood sugar levels rise, and should be eaten in the correct amount. They should also be spaced out throughout the day.
  • The balance between the carbohydrates you eat and insulin determines what your blood glucose level will be after eating.
  • Carbohydrate counting can also help you plan your meals.

Which Foods Have Carbohydrates?

A carbohydrate is anything ‘starchy’ or ‘sugary.’ These foods should be monitored throughout the day. Foods with carbohydrates include:

  • Breads, crackers, and cereals.
  • Pasta, rice, and grains.
  • Starchy vegetables, such as potatoes, squash, corn, and peas.
  • Beans and legumes.
  • Milk, soy milk, and yogurt.
  • Fruits and fruit juices.
  • Sweets, such as cakes, cookies, ice cream, jam, and jelly.
Source: American Dietetic Association,